The investment horizon for private market opportunities is generally a long-term commitment. Investments in closed-end funds typically require a significant amount of time for deployment of capital and subsequent liquidation, with an estimated total of around ten years from the initial investment to final distribution (with many other cashflows in between).
Given the extended duration of private market investments, it is difficult to predict the optimal vintage year and timing the entry of these investments accordingly.
In this note, we look to the historical private equity data for insights and use them to inform a strategy that investors could consider when investing in private markets.
What does the historical investment performance data of private equity look like versus the prevailing inflation and yield environment?
The chart below shows the median internal rate of return (dark blue bars), as at 30 September 2022, of all private equity (buyout) vintages available in the Preqin (a leading provider of private markets data) database since 1985. We have plotted the investment performance of the PE vintages against the rolling 1-year Australian inflation rate (red line) and the 10-year yield on Australian Government Bonds to give a sense of the prevailing inflationary and economic environments for each vintage. We have also highlighted on the chart the years around a major share market crash (periods shaded in yellow) as another indicator of the prevailing economic environment.
Our key takeaways from the chart include:
1. There are no vintage years in which the median PE fund in the Preqin database suffered a negative net IRR.
2. There is a perception that the rising inflation and yield environment will be a headwind for PE. We don’t argue against this given the rising input costs and interest expense for businesses. However, this does not necessarily translate to poor performing vintage year for PE. For example, the 1993-94 and 1999-2001 vintage years still produced net IRRs of at least 15% per annum.
3. Similarly, periods of falling inflation and yields do not necessarily translate to strong performing PE vintages. For example, the 1995-98 vintage years.
PE vintages following a major share market crash have tended to perform quite well (i.e. 1988-89, 2000-01, 2008-09) relative to the vintage years prior to the share market crash.
What insights can be gleaned from the historical performance data to inform a strategy for investing in private markets?
The chart does not present compelling evidence that the prevailing economic conditions are necessarily a good indicator of how a particular PE vintage year may perform.
However, there is some evidence (albeit limited) in the historical data that suggests that vintage years prior to a share market crash do not appear to perform as well as the following vintage years. This is likely to be because the prior vintage years were selling investments during periods affected by the share market crash pessimism. However, in order to take advantage of this phenomenon investors have to ask themselves:
1. Is it possible to consistently and accurately predict the timing of share market crashes years in advance?
2. Is it worth trying to predict, given almost all of those “poor” performing vintage years still generated positive double digit net IRRs?
We would dare say “no” to both questions. Instead we think a more practical approach to investing in private markets is to implement a dollar cost averaging strategy. In the private markets context this strategy would involve dividing a fixed amount of money to be committed into equal parts to different private markets opportunities, and commit those parts at roughly fixed intervals over a pre-determined period of time.
The advantage of this approach, which is widely used by financial advisers in other asset classes, is that there is no need to predict and time the optimal vintage year and instead allows an investor to diversify across vintage years as well as other dimensions (e.g. geography, style, asset class etc.).
An investment portfolio that includes private market investments requires some planning (no more than what you would undertake when investing in shares, property or fixed interest securities). Investors should also carefully consider the potential benefits and risks of private market investments in the context of their personal circumstances (e.g. investment horizon, liquidity needs, investment goals etc.) before including them in their portfolio.
We strongly recommend you seek professional financial advice. A financial adviser can assist you in understanding the risks and potential benefits of investing in private market investments.
While we cannot advise you, we are happy to work with you and your financial adviser to discuss what an appropriate long term investment strategy for private markets could look like.
For more information about our available private equity funds, please visit our private equity funds page.